Engineering Strategic Biofuels Solutions

Engineering Strategic Biofuels Solutions

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Description: Biofuels Market: Ethanol Production Goal, 60 Billion Gallons/year by 2030, 1/3 of U.S. gasoline market, Energy Independence & Security. Act of 2007 target 36 Billion gallons by 2022.

Economic impact: $150+ Billion direct impact. 2009 current state of ethanol industry: 219 production facilities 14 Billion gallon capacity, 2009 projected production 11.1 Billion gallons, 1998 1.47 Billion gallons 10x growth in 10 years.

 
Author: Mike Neibler (Fellow) | Visits: 2541 | Page Views: 2546
Domain:  Green Tech Category: Biomass 
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Short URL: http://energy.wesrch.com/pdfTR10VJ000TIIA

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Contents:
Xylogenics, Inc Xylogenics Inc.
Engineering St t i Bi F l S l ti E i i Strategic BioFuels Solutions
Mike Neibler, CEO 317-697-7514 mneibler@xylogenics.com www.xylogenics.com www xylogenics com

Biofuels Market
Ethanol Production Goal �
60 Billion Gallons/year by 2030 y y 1/3 of U.S. gasoline market

Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007 target �
36 Billion gallons by 2022

Economic impact
� $150+ Billion direct impact

2009 current state of ethanol industry
� 219 production facilities � 14 Billion gallon capacity � 2009 projected production � 11.1 Billion gallons � 1998 � 1.47 Billion gallons 10x growth in 10 years

8-6-09

Ethanol Market
Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007 Ethanol Production Targets � 36 Billion Gallons by 2022

7-30-09

Billions of Gallons f

1st Generation

� Corn Ethanol

219 plants in the US (12 in Indiana) Issues: � Established ethanol industry infrastructure � Xylogenics 3 � 5 % yield improvement � Transition to 2nd generation cellulosic ethanol
8-6-09

Xylogenics Ethanol Yield Improvements

8-6-09

2nd Generation � Cellulosic Ethanol
� 14 pilot scale p p plants under construction in U.S. � Doesn't compete with food sources � More land available for cellulosic feedstocks � Cellulosic feedstocks � corn cobs, corn stover, switchgrass, wheat straw, barley straw, miscanthus grass, wood waste � Xylogenics 30 � 50% yield improvement.

8-6-09

Why ethanol
Reduces Dependence on foreign oil � 65%
I Import costs - $250 $500 Billion per year t t $250-$500 Billi

Petroleum cost going up � less light sweet crude Electric vehicles don't meet short term need - 33 years y to replace all vehicles Infrastructure in place for ethanol � blend with gasoline using same pumps E10 E15 E85 pumps, E10, E15, Reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 55 � 95% Renewable energy source Energy gain
Corn ethanol improved from 1.25 in 2005 to 1.6 to 2.2 in 2009. Cellulosic ethanol is > 4.0
8-6-09

Market Influencers
Public Policy
E Energy Independence & S I d d Security A t of 2007 it Act f EPA guidelines for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Energy Stimulus legislation

Land Use � land management Environmental Impact Feedstock Development & Production
Crop suitability, availability and yields

Ethanol Manufacturing Process M k t acceptance Market t

8-6-09

How to help ethanol market
Increase feedstock acreage
C Corn yield i i ld improvement -160 bushels / t 160 b h l /acre t 300 within 5 to ithi years Other biomass with higher biomass content per acre � switchgrass, miscanthus, switchgrass miscanthus sorghum Bioengineered crop strains

Improve ethanol production efficiency in each step
Bi Biomass pretreat chemistry t t h i t Hydrolysis chemistry Fermentation chemistry

8-6-09

IU Research Benefits
Research areas:
chemistry, analytical chemistry, molecular biology, yeast genetics

Critical knowledge:
cell bi l ll biology, systems biology, Metabolomics, proteomics

8-6-09

Indiana biofuels investment
Ethanol production � No. 3 in U.S. I di Indiana produces 10% of th ethanol i th U S about d f the th l in the U.S. b t 1 Billion gallons Corn production � No. 4 p Soybean production � No. 4 Active project to increase E85 pumps � $20K subsidy 2nd i number of E85 pumps - 120 in b f

8-6-09

Xylogenics History
IU School of Medicine Invention
� 2003 � filed disco er with Indiana Uni for bioengineered yeast that discovery ith Univ east improves ethanol yields (Dr. Mark Goebl, Professor Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indianapolis, IN genomics lab) � Lugar Center for Renewable Energy Executive Committee � May 2008 � received grant from Lugar Center for Renewable Energy � Sep 2008 � Neibler & Mercer initiate commercialization effort � Nov 2008 � formed commercialization company � Xylogenics, Inc. � Dec 2008 - funding from IU Medical Group Foundation � Feb 2009 � patent filed - 22 yeast strains and mechanism eb 009 pate t ed st a s a d ec a s � May 2009 � license exclusive rights from IU

8-6-09

Xylogenics Biofuels focus
� Improve process efficiencies through bioengineered solutions for 1st, 2nd, 3rd generation biofuels and beyond. � Yield Improvement � 30-50% in 2nd generation cellulosic ethanol � Oth benefit � i Other b fit improves overall f ll fermentation t ti process

8-6-09

Xylogenics Technology
1st Generation Corn Ethanol
Enzymes Enzymes

Glucose preference turned off
Yeast

Traditional Yeast

Starch

Maltose & Tri maltose Tri-maltose

Glucose
Xylogenics Yeast

Ethanol 3- 5% more Ethanol Xylose converted to Ethanol Ethanol

2nd Generation Cellulosic Ethanol
Enzymes

Glucose
Glucose & Xylose

Traditional Yeast

Cellulose

Xylogenics Yeast

30- 50% more Ethanol

8-6-09

Xylogenics benefits for corn ethanol
� Reduce enzyme requirement by 50% o Save $600K to $1.2 Million per year � Reduce fermentation cycle time 6-8 hrs o Increases plant capacity by 15-20% � Convert additional sugars to ethanol o Increase ethanol yield 3 5% 3-5% Estimated benefit - $3 5 Million to bottom line (40MMgal) $3.5 Add 2nd generation cellulosic feedstream
8-6-09

Development Timeline
Proof of Concept (completed) 12 months Commercial Launch

8-6-09

Xylogenics Value Proposition
Ability to bioengineer yeasts or enzymes based on understanding of cell biology matched to functional requirements and environment for various biomass conversions to biofuels. Team
o Dr. Mark Goebl, professor Biochemistry & Molecular Biology � 20+ 20 year yeast geneticist and cell bi l i t t ti i t d ll biologist o Josh Heyen � PhD research � 8 years, cell growth & division regulation o Dr. Ross Cocklin � PhD research � 8 years, nutritional impacts on cell growth

8-6-09

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